Probably best known for its effect on women’s sports at the collegiate level, Title IX (P.L. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119) has a more far reaching goal: to eliminate sex discrimination in federally assisted education programs at all levels. In 2002, the legislation was renamed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, in honor of the Representative from Hawaii, who worked tirelessly for its passage.
The Department of Education has been publishing information about Title IX on major anniversaries:
The Office for Civil Rights Reading Room contains links to Title IX regulations, and to documents and publications about Title IX.
The Congressional Research Service has complete several studies of Title IX, including:
- Sex Discrimination in Education: Overview of Title IX (1998)
- Title IX and School District Liability for Student-on-Student Sexual Harassment (1999)
- Title IX and School District Liability for Sexual Harassment by a Teacher (1998)
There is quite a lot of additional material about Title IX available online:
- National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Facts, Title IX
- Department of Justice, Title IX Legal Manual
- R. Vivian Acosta and Linda Jean Carpenter, Women in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal Study: 35-year update 1977-2012
- Women’s Law Project, Celebrating 40 years of Title IX!
- Title IX Blog